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Compendium of Chickpea and Lentil Diseases and Pests

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$99.00
ISBN:
978 0890 543832
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1.00 LBS
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Product Description

The Compendium of Chickpea and Lentil Diseases and Pests will be very useful to increase the sustainable production and productivity of these crops.  Grain legumes are cultivated on more than 23 million hectares worldwide, accounting for more than 18% of the total arable area and 8% of total grain production.  Of the grain legumes, chickpea and lentil play important roles in ensuring food and nutritional security, particularly in arid and semiarid regions of the world. In addition to being a source of dietary proteins and income to resource-poor farmers, they are cirtical components of cropping systems in many parts of the world.  Furthermore, chickpea and lentil straw are valuable feed sources in the crop-livestock mixed-farming systems of the developing world.

Two international agricultural research centers address these legume crops.  The International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) has a mandate to improve chickpea with emphasis on the Desi type.  The International Centre for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA) has a mandate to improve lentil and Kabuli chickpea.  These two sister research centers of the Consultative Group On International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) work together to increase productivity and farm incomes, as well as to conserve and utilize genetic resources of these crops.  In addition, several national research agencies and institutes are conducting extensive research on biotic and abiotic constraints affecting the crops.  ICARDA and ICRISAT have contributed tremendously by providing germplasm and breeding lines resistant to major diseases and insect pests to research programs around the world.  Many biotic constraints, including plant pathogens and insect pests, decrease crop production and negatively affect crop quality, resulting in reduced profitability.  The number and intensity of these factors affecting chickpea and lentil are increasing because of expanding production areas, changes in cropping systems and in the population structure of pathogens and pests, increased international trade, and climate change.

Estimates of yield losses caused by individual diseases, pests, or weeds range from 5 to 10% in temperate regions and 50 to 100% in the tropics.  Considerable advances have been made to manage diseases and insect pests by using host resistance, cultural practices, pesticides, biological control agents, and biotechnological approaches.  The Compendium of Chickpea and Lentil Diseases and Pests provides current information on diseases and insect pests and their management.  Options for integrated pest management are discussed in great detail.  The compendium also covers general principles for managing chickpea and lentil diseases and pests by using principles of population genetics and forecasting. 

Contents:  Introduction

Part I. Infectious Diseases:  Seed, seedling, and root diseases caused by fungi and protists, Foliar diseases caused by fungi, Diseases caused by nematodes, Diseases caused by viruses, Diseases caused by bacteria and a phytoplasma, Parasitic weeds.

Part II. Insects Pests

Part III. Noninfectious Disorders:  Nutrient disorders

Part IV. Managing Diseases and Insect Pests

Glossary, Index.

Weidong Chen, Hari C Sharma and Fred J Muehlbauer, Editors, 2011, 165 p, color photographs, soft.   $99.00

 


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