Blueberries and cranberries are the only two commercially cultivated fruit crops native to North America alone. Although wild blueberries were used extensively by indigenous people and early European settlers, they are among the most recently domesticated fruit crops. Three major cultivated types of blueberries exist: The lowbush blueberries of Maine and eastern Canada, the rabbiteye blueberries of the Deep South, and the highbush blueberries native to the eastern United States. Hybrids between these groups are also grown commercially. This production guide pertains only to the highbush blueberries.
This Highbush Blueberry Production Guide is intended to aid the potential and established commercial grower in all aspects of blueberry production, from site preparation through plant selection, planting, plant training, pest and disease control, nutrient and moisture management, harvest, marketing, and economics. More than 50 researchers, extension workers, and growers from 17 states contributed to this guide, so it is truly comprehensive in scope.
Contents: About the authors, List of tables, List of figures, Key to photographs, Introduction, 16 chapters (titles highlighted)
Highbush blueberry: taxonomy, history, Blueberry growth & development: plant growth habit, root system, flowering, fruit, environmental stress, Site selection & preparation: climate, soil, soil drainage, irrigation, air drainage, location to markets, site preparation, fumigation, cover crops, Plant selection & propagation: blueberry varieties, blueberry propagation, Establishing the blueberry planting: field layout, planting, managing the new planting, Maintenance of the established planting: pruning, mulching, pollination, Nuisance wild-life management: birds, deer, voles, pocket gophers, woodchucks, Arthopod management: pests infesting buds, pest infesting flowers & fruit, pests infesting leaves & shoots, stems, canes, crowns & roots, Nematode & disease management: nematodes, virus & virus-like diseases, fungal diseases, Weed management: preplant weed control, weed control in new plantings, in established plantings, Nutrient management: symptoms of nutritional problems, soil testing, leaf analysis, fertilizers & rates, Water management: excess-water considerations, deciding to irrigate, water supply considerations, selecting an irrigation system, scheduling irrigation, equipment use & maintenance, Spray application technology: power spraying equipment, spraying equipment for small plantings, sprayer maintenance, Harvesting & handling blueberries: preharvest treatment, harvest, transportation, Marketing blueberries: production & price trends, marketing options, USDA standards for blueberry grades, Blueberry crop budgeting: types of costs, blueberry enterprise budget, developing your own budget, case study.
2 Appendices: 1. Calculating Cation Exchange Capacity of a Soil, 2. Fertigation for Blueberries, Key to blueberry problems, Table of Conversion Factors, Photographs, Glossary, Supplemental information.
Marvin P Pritts & James F Hancock, 1992, 200 p, 168 color photos, illustrated, spiral-bound, laminated covers front & back. $42.00